Wetland Mitigation and Habitat Restoration... Our Specialty - Since 1984

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  - Mitigation Planning
  - Restoration
  - Sales and Installation of

    Bioengineering Materials
  - Sales and Installation of

    Herbaceous and Woody

    Plants and of Wetland Seeds

  Contact Us

Located in the Northeast U.S.
Services provided throughout the conterminous U.S.

Inquiries: (716) 969-1608

E-mail:     Click Here


Main Catalog


Terms and Conditions - Mitigation Jobs

  1. Prices in this quotation are good for 90 days.

  1. Terms are 35% down payment with acknowledgement, balance COD, credit card or if your company has established an account. The 35% down payment is required from all customers.  The 35% down payment is non refundable unless the materials for the jobs has not been prepared.

  1. A finance charge of 2.5% per month will be assessed to all past due accounts.

Accounts that are 3 months past due will be turned into Dun & Bradstreet collection services.  The customer is responsible for all collection fees.

  1. All plants are warranted to be alive and healthy on receipt and installed correctly.  There is no other warranty. 

  1. Any customer that would like to open an account with us has to have an established relationship with our company. If your company has an account open for regular orders that account does not carry over for mitigation jobs.

  1. We require a site visit before planting.  The cost is determined by location.

  1. This bid does not guarantee that plants are available.  On receipt of your down payment we will confirm the availability of plants. 

  1. Wetland materials are often only available in limited quantities as many are only available as certain times of the year; therefore, it is important to secure the job as soon as possible. 

  1. If you company requires a certificate of insurance please let us know as soon as possible as there is a $40.00 charge per certificate.

  1.  Once you have sign your acknowledgement you the customer have agreed to terms and locked in all prices.


Q.  What are your business hours?


A.  Our spring and summer business hours are Monday thru Friday 7:30 to 4:00, fall Monday thru Thursday 7:30 to 4:00 Friday 7:30 to 12:00 and winter hours are Monday thru Thursday 7:30 to 4:00.


Q.  How much is shipping for orders?

A.  We estimate shipping at 10% of the total order but, we will not know the total shipping cost until that day of shipping after all material is boxed and weighed.  There is also charge for box; each size box has a different cost. 

Q.  How do you ship orders?

A. We use UPS to ship all customer orders we can ship US mail if requested.  If the material is too large for UPS to carry we are able to deliver your material.

Q.  I need to schedule my order to be shipped how much notice do you need?

A.  We request that you give 7-10 days notice before you need your order shipped.

Q.  I need to cancel my order how much notice do I need to give?

A.  All cancellations must be made within 30 days prior to shipping.  Down payments are    nonrefundable unless we have not begun to prepare your order, a restocking fee maybe charge also.

Q. Is there a warranty on my plant, tree, and shrub or seed material?

A.  All material is guaranteed to be alive and healthy when shipped.  No other implies or written warranty is offered.  We encourage that you inspect the material when you receive it.  All claims must be made within 5 days of delivery. 

Q. Do I have to pay sales tax?

A. Yes, if you are a New York State business or resident you are required to pay county sales tax.  If you are tax exempt please send us a copy of your certificate.

Q.  Do you know of a company that can install my material?

A.  Yes, we here are Southern Tier install all the material we sell also.  Upon request we can provide you with a price quote for the material along with installation.  Please fax or mail us any information on your project and we can gladly price it for you.

Q.  What are the payment terms for orders or mitigation project?

A. Yes, we require a 25% down payment from all customers.  A 35% down payment is required for all mitigation / planting jobs and contract growing orders.  All first time orders are COD or can be paid by credit card.  Customers may open a credit account after they have placed two or more orders.  The credit application can be faxed or mailed; It takes two weeks for the application to be processed.  All past due accounts are charged 2.5% month late payment penalty beginning on the 30th day.  All collection costs will be charged in addition to any service charges or penalties.  A purchase order signifies agreement with these terms.


Q.  Is there material that is only available at certain time of the year?

A.  Yes, there are several materials that available at certain times of the year.  Bare root trees and shrubs, woody cutting / live stakes or live fascines are only able to be harvest when they are dormant this usually occurs between October 15 and November 15th and are to be shipped up to spring.  Herbaceous plant material in tuber form are available in late fall and early spring.  Some tubers are only available in limited quantities placing an order a season ahead of time will help the chance of receiving the material. 

Q.  I would like to order seeds or seed mixes how to I sow these materials?


A.  Some seed material needs cold stratification and or light to germinate so you do not want to hydro-seed to cover the seeds with any material.  To cold stratify your seeds you can artificially stratify the seeds by getting them wet and placing them in a refrigerator or walk-in cooler. For the best results sow the material in the fall and the species will naturally stratify over winter.  Please contact our office for seed mix seeding instructions or they are available on our website www.southerntierconsulting.com

 If you have any questions that are not answers above please feel to contact us!

Nursery location with plant hardiness zones

Nursery location and hardiness zone map

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Sources of Plants

We aim to sell high quality plants. We will supply samples upon request and invite you to inspect our facilities.

Can't find what you need?

We offer a large selection by acquiring stock from a variety of sources and additional plant species may be available. If you do not see what you require in this catalog, please call us.

Nursery Grown Plants

We operate a nursery on 25 acres of bottomland on a tributary of the Allegheny River in Allegany County, New York. We grow plants in twelve concrete ponds, 7,000 square feet of plastic covered cold frames, 2,200 square feet of heated greenhouse, and nearly two acres of constructed earthen ponds. Currently we produce containerized woody plants in 140 square feet of mist house and a 1,750 square foot shade house. We stock a number of species and are able to grow well over 250,000 herbaceous plants, and several thousand woody plants at one time. This gives us a large capability to contract grow and to keep a varied selection of plants for immediate delivery.

Potted Herbaceous Plants

We grow most of our wetland herbs in plug trays and can supply them in that form. Inquire for availability. Note that we supply plants in plug trays (one box holds at most 3 flats or up to 219 total plugs).

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Recommended Seed Handling

Seed should be stored in a cool, dark place until use.

Many species of wetland seed need to be cold stratified to germinate. Many species also need light to germinate.

Some genera that
need cold stratification:
Carex Solidago
Scirpus Sagittaria
Lobelia Eupatorium
Mimulus Aster
Some genera that
need light:
Carex Lobelia
Mimulus Juncus
Scirpus Eupatorium
Penthorum Solidago

Because so many of the species in our seed mixes need light to germinate, we do not recommend hydroseeding. We suggest broadcasting the seed, then lightly raking it in.

Cold stratification simulates the effect of winter weather on the seeds. We recommend the following method of cold stratification (paraphrased from Bruce MacDonald's "Plant Propagation Principles and Practices"):

Dry seeds should be fully soaked in water at room temperature prior to refrigerated stratification. Twelve to 24 hours of soaking should be sufficient for seeds without hard seed coats or coverings. After soaking, mix the seeds with a moisture-retaining medium, such as well-washed sand, peat moss, sphagnum moss, or vermiculite (almost any medium that holds moisture, provides aeration, and contains no toxic substances is suitable). The medium should be moist but not so wet that water can be squeezed out.

Mix the seeds with one to three times their volume of the medium, store the mixture in polyethylene bags, and refrigerate (do not freeze) for 4 to 8 weeks. Check and turn the seeds regularly to ensure they do not dry out.

Warm stratification is an identical procedure, only the seeds should be stored at room temperature rather than refrigerated.

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Planting Zones

Hydrophytes evolved numerous adaptive modes enabling them to grow in wetland conditions. Each plant species demonstrates characteristics of a syndrome adapted to a particular hydrologic regime. A detailed description of the adaptive modes is found in "Adaptive Modes in Wetland Plants," available online from the Pierce Cedar Creek Institute (on their documents page).

The last column in our table of Herbaceous Plants for sale indicates the planting zone, or adaptive mode, for each species. The following diagram and descriptions of some of the adaptive modes may help to select appropriate species for constructing wetlands.

Adaptive modes and wetland zonation diagram

Submerged Aquatics - (Sub Aquatic)

These plants are typically found in deep water (often 3 feet or deeper) that never or only rarely draws down.

Typical species:

Vallesnaria americana
Elodea canadensis
Potamogeton pectinatus
Ceratophyllum demersum

Floating Leaved Aquatics - (Float Leaf)

The water lilies are the best known species utilizing this mode. The plants are rooted in deeper water and send their leaves to the surface where they float. There are no important photosynthetic structures in the water column and the root system is usually rhizomatous.

Typical species:

Nymphea odorata
Nuphar advena

Floating Stemmed Aquatics - (Float Stem)

These plants are characterized by their floating stems that root at the nodes. During drawdown, these species can root and spread as a carpeting mass. Plants with this adaptive mode are normally found in water depths that vary from moderately deep to the drawdown zone. Typically they are flooded 1/3 to 2/3 of the growing season.

Typical species:

Myosotis laxa
Torreyochloa pallida
Polygonum amphibium
Leersia oryzoides

Aerenchymatous Perennials - (Emergent)

These plants are characterized by erect stems with aerenchyma (spongy tissue) The species in this group are typical of marshes. In many wetland construction projects, they are planted too deep, as they usually require annual drawdown or maximum water depths of less than 6 inches during most of the growing season. In water depths of a foot or more, they will persist for some time, but eventually disappear. There is considerable variation in the hydrologic regimes tolerated by these species, so it is important to make observations of the local natural wetlands to determine the zonation of these species in your area before planting.

Typical species:

Acorus americanus
Dulichium arundinaceum
Iris versicolor
Scirpus tabernaemontanii
Scirpus americanus
Sparganium eurycarpum

Caespitose Perennials - (Hummock)

These species are usually found in the saturated soil and early drawdown zone. They are typically intolerant of long term inundation. These plants are caespitose (growing in tight clumps), forming characteristic hummocks typical of wetland meadows especially sedge meadows.

Typical species:

Carex stricta
Juncus effusus
Scirpus atrovirens
Scirpus cyperinus

Dense Graminoids - (Grass)

Grasses and grasslike plants (graminoids) include both annual and perennial species. These plants are usually found in dense monotypic stands. The zone where they are found is seasonally inundated and is not saturated later in the growing season. Two of our most noxious wetland weeds, Phalaris arundinacea and Phragmites australis, are members of this group.

Typical species:

Carex lacustris
Phalaris arundinacea
Phragmites australis
Calamagrostis canadensis
Echinochloa crusgalli
Eleocharis obtusa

Broad Leaved Rhizomatous - (Broad Leaf)

These species are the cause of the spectacular late-season show of wild flowers in many wetlands. They are usually rhizomatous (spreading by horizontal often subterranean stems) and form large nearly monotypic stands. These species are found in saturated soils that are only inundated for brief periods, if at all.

Typical species:

Aster novae angliae
Aster prenanthoides
Eupatorium maculatum
Solidago graminifolia

Emergent Woody Plants

These species have adapted to occupy areas of long to permanent inundation. They commonly produce adventitious roots to aid in obtaining oxygen from the water column.

Typical species:

Salix discolor
Salix purpurea
Cephalanthus occidentalis

Trees and Shrubs

These species have adapted to short term, seasonal inundation and soil saturation. Most will not survive long term inundation or permanent soil saturation.

Typical species:

Acer rubrum
Cornus sericea
Viburnum dentatum
Fraxinus pennsylvanica

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